Material and energetic use of biomassFoto: ATB
Biobased materials and energy for the bioeconomy
The aim of this research programme is to develop both efficient technology and processes for the provision of biogenic materials and energy sources from agriculture for a sustainable, bio-based economy.
Fibre plants and short-rotation coppices (SRC) can be mechanically processed into innovative products and energy sources. Plants containing sugar and starch as well as their residues provide lactic acid, biochar and biogas by means of thermal and biotechnological material conversion processes. It is important to better understand and control the specific metabolic performance of the microorganisms involved.
Together with industrial partners we are developing biorefinery and cascade concepts, based on the comprehensive use, in order to add value of biogenic raw materials and residues.
Natural resources from agriculture and forestry as well as residual and waste materials from other utilization paths have been used for the production of materials and consumer goods for a long time before the industrial revolution. Fossil raw materials then largely displaced these, but their scarcity, increase in price and the impairment of natural living conditions associated with their use require an intensive and targeted search for alternatives. If fossil carbon sources are no longer available in the future, the corresponding basic materials must be obtained from biomass.
In addition, the requirements of today's industrial processing and the expectations of consumers require a high degree of effectiveness, raw material and product quality as well as cost efficiency. This places high demands on the development of agricultural supply processes and the subsequent technologies and processes for the preparation and initial processing of plant biomass.
Within the framework of interdisciplinary projects, we work intensively on appropriate solutions. In our research we closely cooperate with small and medium-sized enterprises in particular with the aim of creating alternative employment and income in rural areas and creating added value in branches relatetd to agriculture.
In addition to tapping previously unused residual and waste materials from agriculture, the food industry and private households, annual and perennial plants play a very important role as renewable raw materials in the production of bioenergy in Germany. Although alternative energy generation options such as photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind power have a higher efficiency per unit area, the use of biomass is superior due to its cascading utilization possibilities.
For this reason, we have been successfully developing concepts that affect the entire process chain for many years. This begins with the cultivation of annual and perennial energy crops and extends to their harvesting, storage and conversion into biogas, biochar and other solid fuels, as well as the comprehensive evaluation of these processes. The main areas of research within the scope of this process evaluation are emissions from short rotation plantations, the calculation of greenhouse gas abatement costs and the networking of value chains.
BLuMo – Brandenburgs Luchgebiete klimaschonend bewahren - Initiierung einer moorerhaltenden Stauhaltung und Bewirtschaftung ▶
The rewetting of organic soils is one of the most important greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture with the highest mitigation potential. The state of Brandenburg has 165,000 ha of peatland. In 2019, the Brand…
RUBIO – RUBIN - RUBIO - VP1: Gewinnung von bio-basierter Bernsteinsäure aus regionalen Ressourcen; TP1: Biobasierte Bernsteinsäure ▶
Nowadays, the biotechnological production of succinic acid is based on sugars derived from plants for food and feed production. The aim of the RUBIO project is to explore the feasibility of producing pure, polymerisable …
The aim of the project is to promote the use of biomass and residues in Brandenburg through site-specific production and processing, also beyond the food and animal feed sector. Especially by closing material cycles, a c…
kendyrTEX – Wiederinkulturnahme versalzener Ackerstandorte Zentralasiens mit angepassten Rohstoffpflanzen sowie textile Wertschöpfung als Alternative zur Baumwolle. TP: Ernte-/Erstverarbeitungsverfahren sowie QM-… ▶
In the joint research project KendyrTEX, German and Central Asian partners are cooperating to develop a crop with an industrial character from the wild plant Kendyr using artisanal processing technology. Apocynum venetum…
Recent developments render the biobased sector a key player in European Economy providing a great impetus towards Circular Business Models of resource efficiency. Developments in biobased nanomaterials are coupled with b…
Alle Projekte aus dem Forschungsprogramm Stoffliche und energetische Nutzung von Biomasse
- Kir, A.; Løes, A.; Cetinel, B.; Turan, H.; Aydogdu, E.; Pecenka, R.; Dittrich, C.; Cáceres, R.; Lennartsson Turner, M.; Rayns, F.; Conroy, J.; Schmutz, U. (2021): Testing peat-free growing media based on olive wood residues for olive saplings. Acta Horticulturae. (1317): p. 23-32. Online: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2021.1317.4 1.0
- Martäu, G.; Unger, P.; Schneider, R.; Venus, J.; Vodnar, D.; López Gómez, J. (2021): Integration of Solid State and Submerged Fermentations for the Valorization of Organic Municipal Solid Waste. Journal of Fungi. (9): p. 766. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090766 1.0
- Vodnar, D.; Venus, J.; Dufosse, L. (2021): Editorial: Recent Advances in Microbial Biotechnology for the Food Industry. Frontiers in Microbiology. : p. 746636. Online: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.746636 1.0
- Dumfort, S.; Pecenka, R.; Ascher-Jenull, J.; Peintner, U.; Insam, H.; Lenz, H. (2021): The potential of calcium hydroxide to reduce storage losses: A four months monitoring study of spruce wood chip piles at industrial scale. Fuel. (15 August 2021): p. 120738. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2021.120738 1.0
- Hassa, J.; Klang, J.; Benndorf, D.; Pohl, M.; Hülsemann, B.; Mächtig, T.; Effenberger, M.; Pühler, A.; Schlüter, A.; Theuerl, S. (2021): Indicative Marker Microbiome Structures Deduced from the Taxonomic Inventory of 67 Full-Scale Anaerobic Digesters of 49 Agricultural Biogas Plants. Microorganisms. (7): p. 1457. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9071457 1.0
- Pasteris, A.; Zapka, O.; Plogsties, V.; Herrmann, C.; Heiermann, M. (2021): Effects of sorghum biomass quality on ensilability and methane yield. GCB Bioenergy. : p. 0. Online: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12814 1.0
- Mai-Moulin, T.; Hoefnagels, R.; Grundmann, P.; Junginger, M. (2021): Effective sustainability criteria for bioenergy: Towards the implementation of the european renewable directive II. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. (March 2021): p. 110645. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110645; https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032120309291 1.0
- Berg, W.; Salamat, R.; Scaar, H.; Mellmann, J. (2021): Investigation of nitrogen loss during laboratory scale fixed-bed drying of digestate. Waste Management. (15 June 2021): p. 26-34. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.05.003 1.0
- Lühr, C.; Pecenka, R.; Lenz, H.; Hoffmann, T. (2021): Cold air ventilation for cooling and drying of poplar wood chips from short rotation coppice in outdoor storage piles in Germany. Biomass & Bioenergy. (March 2021): p. 105976. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2021.105976 1.0
- Yahya, M.; Herrmann, C.; Ismaili, S.; Jost, C.; Truppel, I.; Ghorbal, A. (2021): Development and optimization of an innovative three-stage bioprocess for converting food wastes to hydrogen and methane. Biochemical Engineering Journal. (Juni): p. 107992. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2021.107992 1.0