Material and energetic use of biomassFoto: ATB
Biobased materials and energy for the bioeconomy
The aim of this research programme is to develop both efficient technology and processes for the provision of biogenic materials and energy sources from agriculture for a sustainable, bio-based economy.
Fibre plants and short-rotation coppices (SRC) can be mechanically processed into innovative products and energy sources. Plants containing sugar and starch as well as their residues provide lactic acid, biochar and biogas by means of thermal and biotechnological material conversion processes. It is important to better understand and control the specific metabolic performance of the microorganisms involved.
Together with industrial partners we are developing biorefinery and cascade concepts, based on the comprehensive use, in order to add value of biogenic raw materials and residues.
Natural resources from agriculture and forestry or residual and waste materials from other utilization paths, had been used for the production of materials and consumer goods for a long time before the industrial revolution. Fossil raw materials then largely displaced these, but the scarcity, increase in price and the impairment of natural living conditions associated with their use require an intensive and targeted search for alternatives. If fossil carbon sources are no longer available in the future, the corresponding basic materials must be obtained from biomass.
In addition, the requirements of today's industrial processing and the expectations of consumers require a high degree of effectiveness, raw material and product quality as well as cost efficiency. This places high demands on the development of agricultural supply processes and the subsequent technologies and processes for the preparation and initial processing of plant biomass.
Within the framework of interdisciplinary projects, we work intensively on appropriate solutions and cooperate closely with small and medium-sized enterprises in particular with the aim of creating alternative employment and income in rural areas and creating added value close to agriculture. Biotechnological material conversion of renewable raw materials and technologies for the processing of natural fibres are two important fields of activity of the ATB.
In addition to tapping previously unused residual and waste materials from agriculture, the food industry and private households, annual and perennial plants play a very important role as renewable raw materials in the production of bioenergy in Germany. Although alternative energy generation options such as photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind power have a higher efficiency per unit area, the use of biomass is superior due to its cascading utilization possibilities.
For this reason, we have been successfully developing concepts that affect the entire process chain for many years. This begins with the cultivation of annual and perennial energy crops and extends to their harvesting, storage and conversion into biogas, biochar and other solid fuels, as well as the comprehensive evaluation of these processes. The main areas of research within the scope of this process evaluation are emissions from short rotation plantations, the calculation of greenhouse gas abatement costs and the networking of value chains.
BeonNAT – Innovative value chains from tree & shrub species grown in marginal lands as a source of biomass for bio-based industries ▶
The BeonNAT project aims to increase knowledge about the extraction of various organic products from wood species, trees and shrubs that are currently underutilized. The project evaluates the key aspects in the value cha…
CAFIPLA – Combining carboxylic acid production and fibre recovery as an innovative, cost-effective and sustainable pre-treatment process for heterogeneous bio-waste ▶
The 3-year CAFIPLA project will radically alter the biomass pre-treatment approach for bio-economy applications. Current biomass use comes at a high cost, either in terms of land use (sugar/starch crops) or energy and ch…
PostKUP – Kurzumtriebsplantage zu Acker: Bewertung der C-Senkenfunktion im Boden, der Umweltwirkung, der Ertragsfähigkeit und der Bodenqualität nach dem Umbruch (Short rotation plantation to arable land: Assess… ▶
The aim of the joint project is to evaluate the carbon sink function with a focus on deeper soil layers (> 30 cm) as a function of the rotation length of former short rotation plantations and - after their uprooting - t…
BioSaiFlex – Systemdienlicher Ausgleich der jahreszeitlichen Schwankungen des Energiebedarfs durch saisonal flexibilisierte Biogaserzeugung am Praxisbeispiel der Nutzung von Extensiv- und Biotopgrünland; Teilvorha… ▶
The aim of the joint project is to investigate the suitability of cut grass from extensive or biotope grassland (e.g. FFH mowing meadows) for the seasonal flexibilisation (seasonalisation) of biogas plants. For this purp…
LaRa – Landwirtschaftliche Rest- und Abfallstoffverwertung - Lösungsansätze zur technischen Anpassung bestehender Biogasanlagen für die Nutzung faseriger Reststoffe; Teilvorhaben 2: Prozesstechnische Untersu… ▶
The aim of the project is the development of solutions for the creation of optimal process and plant conditions for the utilisation of biogenic residues and waste materials in agricultural biogas plants. For this purpose…
Alle Projekte aus dem Forschungsprogramm Stoffliche und energetische Nutzung von Biomasse
- Rose, J.; Visser, F.; Müller, B.; Senft, M.; Groscurth, S.; Sicking, K.; Twyman, R.; Prüfer, D.; Noll, G. (2020): Identification and molecular analysis of interaction sites in the MtSEO-F1 protein involved in forisome assembly. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. (1 Feb): p. 603-614. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.12.092 1.0
- Montalvo, S.; Huilinir, C.; Borja, R.; Sanchez, E.; Herrmann, C. (2020): Application of zeolites for biological treatment processes of solid wastes and wastewaters - A review. Bioresource Technology. (April 2020): p. 0. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2020.122808 1.0
- Cubas-Cano, E.; López Gómez, J.; Gonzalez-Fernandez, C.; Ballesteros, I.; Tomas-Pejo, E. (2020): Towards sequential bioethanol and L-lactic acid co-generation: Improving xylose conversion to L-lactic acid in presence of lignocellulosic ethanol with an evolved Bacillus coagulans,. Renewable Energy. (June 2020): p. 759-765. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.02.066 1.0
- Mora-Villalobos,, J.; Montero-Zamora, J.; Barboza, N.; Rojas-Garbanzo, C.; Usaga, J.; Redondo-Solano, M.; Schroedter, L.; Olszewska-Widdrat, A.; López Gómez, J. (2020): Multi-Product Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermentations: A Review. Fermentation. (1): p. 23. Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/fermentation6010023 1.0
- van Duuren, J.; de Wild, P.; Starck, S.; Bradtmöller, C.; Selzer, M.; Mehlmann, K.; Schneider, R.; Kohlstedt, M.; Poblete-Castro, I.; Stolzenberger, J.; Barton, N.; Fritz, M.; Scholl, S.; Venus, J.; Wittmann, C. (2020): Limited life cycle and cost assessment for the bioconversion of lignin-derived aromatics into adipic acid. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. (15): p. 1381-1393. Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.27299 1.0
- Hernandez Estrada, A.; Reza, M.; Hughes (2020): The Structure of Dislocations in Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Fibres and Implications for Mechanical Behaviour. BioResources. (2): p. 2579-2595. Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.15376/biores.15.2.2579-2595 1.0
- Kirch, T.; Medwell, P.; Birzer, C.; van Eyk, P. (2020): Feedstock Dependence of Emissions from a Reverse-Downdraft Gasifier Cookstove. Energy for Sustainable Development. (June 2020): p. 42-50. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2020.02.008 1.0
- Hülsemann, B.; Zhou, L.; Merkle, W.; Hassa, J.; Müller, J.; Oechsner, H. (2020): Biomethane Potential Test: Influence of Inoculum and the Digestion System. Applied Sciences. (7): p. 1-18. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10072589 1.0
- Pecenka, R.; Lenz, H.; Hering, T. (2020): Options for Optimizing the Drying Process and Reducing Dry Matter Losses in Whole-Tree Storage of Poplar from Short-Rotation Coppices in Germany. Forests. (4): p. 374. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/f11040374 1.0
- Maus, I.; Klocke, M.; Derenko, J.; Derenko, J.; Stolze, Y.; Stolze, Y.; Jost, C.; Beckstette, M.; Wibberg, D.; Jost, C.; Blom, J.; Wibberg, D.; Willenbücher, K.; Blom, J.; Rumming, M.; Henke, C.; Rademacher, A.; Willenbücher, K.; Pühler, A.; Rumming, M.; Sczyrba, A.; Rademacher, A.; Schlüter, A.; Klocke, M.; Pühler, A.; Sczyrba, A.; Schlüter, A. (2020): Impact of process temperature and organic loading rate on cellulolytic / hydrolytic biofilm microbiomes during biomethanation of ryegrass silage revealed by genome-centered metagenomics and metatranscriptomics. Environmental Microbiome. : p. 1-21. Online: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-020-00354-x 1.0