Material and energetic use of biomassFoto: ATB
Biobased materials and energy for the bioeconomy
The aim of this research programme is to develop both efficient technology and processes for the provision of biogenic materials and energy sources from agriculture for a sustainable, bio-based economy.
Fibre plants and short-rotation coppices (SRC) can be mechanically processed into innovative products and energy sources. Plants containing sugar and starch as well as their residues provide lactic acid, biochar and biogas by means of thermal and biotechnological material conversion processes. It is important to better understand and control the specific metabolic performance of the microorganisms involved.
Together with industrial partners we are developing biorefinery and cascade concepts, based on the comprehensive use, in order to add value of biogenic raw materials and residues.
Natural resources from agriculture and forestry as well as residual and waste materials from other utilization paths have been used for the production of materials and consumer goods for a long time before the industrial revolution. Fossil raw materials then largely displaced these, but their scarcity, increase in price and the impairment of natural living conditions associated with their use require an intensive and targeted search for alternatives. If fossil carbon sources are no longer available in the future, the corresponding basic materials must be obtained from biomass.
In addition, the requirements of today's industrial processing and the expectations of consumers require a high degree of effectiveness, raw material and product quality as well as cost efficiency. This places high demands on the development of agricultural supply processes and the subsequent technologies and processes for the preparation and initial processing of plant biomass.
Within the framework of interdisciplinary projects, we work intensively on appropriate solutions. In our research we closely cooperate with small and medium-sized enterprises in particular with the aim of creating alternative employment and income in rural areas and creating added value in branches relatetd to agriculture.
In addition to tapping previously unused residual and waste materials from agriculture, the food industry and private households, annual and perennial plants play a very important role as renewable raw materials in the production of bioenergy in Germany. Although alternative energy generation options such as photovoltaics, solar thermal and wind power have a higher efficiency per unit area, the use of biomass is superior due to its cascading utilization possibilities.
For this reason, we have been successfully developing concepts that affect the entire process chain for many years. This begins with the cultivation of annual and perennial energy crops and extends to their harvesting, storage and conversion into biogas, biochar and other solid fuels, as well as the comprehensive evaluation of these processes. The main areas of research within the scope of this process evaluation are emissions from short rotation plantations, the calculation of greenhouse gas abatement costs and the networking of value chains.
SensoBA – Sensorgestützte Beikrautregulierung - Verfahren und maschinentechnische Lösungen zur automatisierten, herbizidfreien sowie flächigen Entfernung von Begleitvegetation in Agrarholzpflanzungen ▶
Der langjährige Ertrag von Agrarholzkulturen hängt wesentlich von der effizienten Beikrautregulierung im Jahr der Anpflanzung ab. Die derzeit eingesetzten Verfahren ermöglichen entweder nur die maschinelle Flächenpflege …
BLuMo – Brandenburgs Luchgebiete klimaschonend bewahren - Initiierung einer moorerhaltenden Stauhaltung und Bewirtschaftung ▶
The rewetting of organic soils is one of the most important greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture with the highest mitigation potential. The state of Brandenburg has 165,000 ha of peatland. In 2019, the Brand…
EMeRGE – Entwicklung eines Verfahrens zur gezielten Minderung von Methanemissionen bei der Gülle- und Gärrestlagerung mit Möglichkeit der Reaktivierung und Erhaltung des Gasbildungspotenzials für die Biogaspro… ▶
The aim of the joint project is to develop a technically easy-to-implement process for the targeted reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (especially methane and nitrous oxide) during slurry and digestate storage by addi…
PaludiKult – Modellvorhaben zur Herstellung von nachhaltigen Kultursubstraten auf Basis von Faserstoffen aus Paludibiomasse ▶
In the PaludiKult project, the sustainable production and processing of paludibio mass for use as fibre in growing media is being researched and tested in practice. For this purpose, the site- and species-specific biomas…
KlimaHanf – Industrie-Hanf in Brandenburg - Kohlenstoff-Sequestrierung entlang der Wertschöpfungskette vom Anbau bis zum Produkt ▶
Alle Projekte aus dem Forschungsprogramm Stoffliche und energetische Nutzung von Biomasse
- Pohl, C.; Schmidt, B.; Nunez Guitar, T.; Klemm, S.; Gusovius, H.; Platzk, S.; Kruggel-Emden, H.; Klunker, A.; Völlmecke, C.; Fleck, C.; Meyer, V. (2022): Establishment of the basidiomycete Fomes fomentarius for the production of composite materials. Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. (4): p. 1-13. Online: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40694-022-00133-y 1.0
- Wicaksono, W.; Erschen, S.; Krause, R.; Müller, H.; Cernava, T.; Berg, G. (2022): Enhanced survival of multi-species biofilms under stress is promoted by low-abundant but antimicrobial-resistant keystone species. Journal of Hazardous Materials. (January): p. 126836. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126836 1.0
- Willenbücher, K.; Wibberg, D.; Huang, L.; Conrady, M.; Ramm, P.; Gätcke, J.; Busche, T.; Brandt, C.; Szewzyk, U.; Schlüter, A.; Barrero Canosa, J.; Maus, I. (2022): Phage genome diversity in a biogas-producing microbiome analyzed by Illumina and Nanopore GridION sequencing. Microorganisms. (2): p. 368. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10020368 1.0
- Hernandez Estrada, A.; Müssig, J.; Hughes, M. (2022): The impact of fibre processing on the mechanical properties of epoxy matrix composites and wood-based particleboard reinforced with hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) fibre. Journal of Materials Science. : p. 1738-1754. Online: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-06629-z 1.0
- Amini, N.; Gholivand, M.; Shamsipur, M.; Maleki, A.; Naderi, K.; Marzban, N.; Lee, S.; Jeon, C. (2022): Modification of glassy carbon surface using L-cysteine-capped Mn-Doped ZnS quantum dots and multi wall carbon nanotube nanocomposite: application to determine hydrazine in water samples. Desalination and Water Treatment. (February): p. 268-276. Online: https://www.deswater.com/DWT_abstracts/vol_248/248_2022_268.pdf 1.0
- Cox, R.; Narisetty, V.; Nagarajan, S.; Agrawal, D.; Ranade, V.; Salonitis, K.; Venus, J.; Kumar, V. (2022): High-level fermentative production of lactic acid from bread waste under non-sterile conditions with a circular biorefining approach and zero waste discharge. Fuel. (April): p. 122976. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2021.122976 1.0
- Ding, Z.; Grundmann, P. (2022): Development of Biorefineries in the Bioeconomy: A Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis among European Countries. Sustainability. (1): p. 90. Online: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010090 1.0
- Wicaksono, W.; Reisenhofer-Graber, T.; Erschen, S.; Kusstatscher, P.; Berg, C.; Krause, R.; Cernava, T.; Berg, G. (2022): Phyllosphere-associated microbiota in built environment: Do they have the potential to antagonize human pathogens?. Journal of Advanced Research. : p. 1-35. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2022.02.003 1.0
- Alvarez-Murillo, A.; Libra, J.; Ro, K. (2022): Theoretical framework for estimating design reactor pressure for water-based hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) systems. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress. (1 May 2022): p. 101241. Online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsep.2022.101241 1.0
- Jari, H.; Maleki, A.; Dehestani Athar, S.; Mohammadi, E.; Darvishi, E.; Ahmadi Hedayati, M.; Marzban, N.; Tang, V.; Bejan, N. (2022): Airborne bacteria and fungi in a wastewater treatment plant: Type and characterization of bio-aerosols, emission characterization and mapping. Aerobiologia. : p. 0. Online: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10453-022-09740-z 1.0