Material use of biomass
Raw materials from agriculture and forestry as well as waste materials originating from other industrial paths have been used since a long time for the production of materials, fabrics and household goods. Regardless this long tradition the material use of biomass has been displaced during the 20th century by fossil resources. With the current shortage and price increase and the environmental impacts accompanying the use of fossil resources intensive and target-oriented research for alternatives is strongly required.
Carbon is the most important element for the manufacturing of products and commodities. Due to the shrinking availability of fossil fuels in the future carbon has to be increasingly substituted by renewable resources. In contrast to the provision of energy from renewable sources (e.g. wind or water) no alternative carbon sources are available for producing carbon based materials apart from biomass.
This places high demands on the development of sustainable agricultural production processes and of the subsequent technologies and processes for preparation and primary processing of plant biomass.
In an interdisciplinary approach ATB is working intensively on innovative solutions. The Institute closely collaborates with especially small and medium enterprises (SME's) - also targeting at creating employment and income alternatives in rural areas.
Research areas at the ATB:
Further information: BMELV websites for a bio based economy
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